Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease. Its signs are characterised by a reduction in bone mass and modifications in bone structure. Bones become porous, weakened, and fracture more easily.
Osteoporosis can be encouraged by the onset of menopause. At this time, the production of oestrogen, a hormone which preserves bone mass, dramatically decreases.
Although osteoporosis does not bear any obvious outward symptoms, certain clinical signs may suggest its presence, such as fractures, back or lower back pain, vertebral compression fractures, hyperkyphosis (hunching in the back), and reduction in height.
Additionally, deficiencies in calcium, proteins and vitamin D, as well as sedentariness and a premature deficit in sexual hormones (premature menopause) can lead to its onset.
Osteoporosis-based examinations include a targeted consultation and additional examinations such as a blood test and a bone density test. Treatment is then adapted depending on the signs, symptoms and severity of the disease.
Dryness of the vaginal mucus is frequent following the reduction in the rate of hormones. The mucus is effectively unable to retain water in the way it could before menopause. This leads to dryness, which is very often confused with fungal infections and thus wrongly treated.
A detailed local examination will allow for a diagnosis.
If there is no contraindication, a local prescription of oestrogen – and sometimes corticoids – should be sufficient to resolve the problem. These treatments should be applied two to three times per week. Symptoms will start to improve in one or two months.