Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Urinary Incontinence: Effective Management and Treatment

Addressing Pelvic Organ Pathologies for Improved Women’s Health

Pelvic Organ Prolapse, commonly known as organ descent, signifies a weakening in the structural integrity of the perineum and pelvic organ support system. This condition varies in severity across different organs, including the vagina, bladder, uterus, and rectum, often accompanied by urinary incontinence. Shockingly, nearly 50% of women over 40 in Switzerland are affected, highlighting the urgent need for effective interventions.

Understanding the Causes and Risk Factors of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse can stem from various factors, such as complicated childbirth, perineal tears, surgeries, hormonal changes during menopause, excess body weight, and chronic constipation. Each of these factors plays a role in weakening pelvic support tissues, contributing to the onset of prolapse.

Recognising the Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Women experiencing pelvic organ prolapse may present with a range of symptoms, including:

  • Feeling of heaviness or discomfort in the lower abdomen, often likened to a “ball” descending into the vagina.
  • Involuntary urinary leakage, particularly during physical activity.
  • Recurrent vaginal infections.
  • Vaginal air expulsion.
  • Sense of incomplete bowel or bladder emptying.
  • Reduced sensation or pleasure during sexual activity.

Tailored Treatment Approaches for Effective Management

Treatment for pelvic organ prolapse is personalised based on the individual’s condition, severity, symptoms, and treatment preferences. For mild cases, strengthening perineal muscles through targeted physiotherapy or biofeedback techniques is recommended.

In cases of severe symptoms or pronounced prolapse, our clinic offers minimally invasive surgical solutions after a thorough specialist evaluation. These procedures prioritise safety and efficacy, with many being performed on an outpatient basis for minimal disruption to patients’ lives and a quicker return to normalcy.

By prioritising effective management and treatment, we aim to improve the quality of life for women affected by pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence.

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